Osteoporosis- Preventions and Cures

People with Osteoporosis- a disease in which bones become brittle and fragile- don’t normally experience any direct symptoms of Osteoporosis disease.

But if you have Osteoporosis, your risk of bone fractures is much greater, so it’s important for you to seek treatment.

Osteoporosis, is the single largest cause for spinal fractures worldwide.

Quoting different surveys both in India and the US, Dr. S. Rajasekaran, President, Association of Spine Surgeons of India told that at present our country has nearly 28 million Osteoporosis patients, of which 80 per cent are women and it is expected to move up by another 5 million in just 12 to 14 months.

While there is no cure for Osteoporosis disease, various treatments can help slow the rate of bone loss from this ailment and reduce your risk of bone fractures.

Lifestyle Changes for Osteoporosis

Certain lifestyle changes, particularly those in your diet and exercise, are mainstays of Osteoporosis treatment.

Calcium and Vitamin D are important for healthy bones, especially if you have Osteoporosis. So, you’ll need to maintain a healthy diet high in these nutrients to reduce your risk of fractures.

Osteoporosis Diet

Dairy products like milk, cheese, and yogurt are probably the best source of Calcium, but green vegetables and other foods also have some Calcium in them. Additionally, many products, including some cereals, breads, and juices, contain added Calcium.

Vitamin D isn’t common in food, but it can be found in fatty fish such as Mackerel, Hilsha, Salmon, Rohu, Asian Seabass and Tuna. However, most people can usually get enough Vitamin D from supplements and sunlight.

Exercises for Osteoporosis Patients

Weight-bearing and muscle-strengthening exercises can help build and maintain bone density. High-impact weight-bearing exercises include such activities as dancing, running, and jumping rope. However, these exercises should be avoided if you’ve already broken a bone, or have a very high fracture risk due to Osteoporosis.

As an alternative, low-impact weight-bearing exercises include speed walking (outside or on a treadmill), elliptical machines, and stair-step machines. Other muscle-strengthening exercise options include weight machines, dead weights, and elastic exercise bands.

Squats without weights can also be good, and strengthening the thigh muscles (Quadriceps) is an ideal activity to reduce the risk of hip fractures.

In addition to dietary and exercise improvements, you should also avoid or quit smoking, and limit your alcohol intake.

Alternative Treatments for Osteoporosis

Hormone (Estrogen) Therapy is sometimes used to treat Osteoporosis in women, but this treatment carries certain risks. According to a 2009 report in American Family Physician these include an increased risk of stroke, coronary artery disease, breast cancer, and venous thromboembolism (blood clots in blood vessels).

Research suggests that although Estrogen Therapy slightly reduces the risk of hip and spinal fractures, but this small benefit doesn’t outweigh the significant risks of this treatment. So The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommends that Estrogen Therapy be used only at the lowest effective dose for the shortest possible amount of time.

Procedures like ‘Balloon Kyphoplasty’ and ‘Vertebroplasty’ when performed on right patients by a trained physician can also lead to marvelous improvement in patients’ quality of life, for Osteoporosis patients.

Endnote

Osteoporosis has major impacts on one’s social, emotional and personal life. Fight Osteoporosis and follow the natural ways to prevent Osteoporosis. Don’t forget to share your health tips with us.