An Intense Headache: Migraine

Our nerves become more sensitive when there is a chemical imbalance in our body. This sensitivity causes a headache. There is no specific reason why this chemical imbalance is triggered. But this is a way for our body to alert our brain about that imbalance. Migraine is nothing but an intense headache which is related to genetics. Migraine often comes up with nausea, vomiting or sensitivity to light or smell. Once the problem is identified headaches can be prevented.

If you have a sinus infection, you have to know whether it is viral or bacterial. Consult doctors to identify that as your treatment will be dependent on that. Infections which are caused by the viruses can’t be solved by antibiotics. In this case apply heat to the sinuses with a warm compress and drink plenty of water. If it is a bacterial infection, then antibiotics can come into rescue. Sinus infection fills up the sinus cavities with fluid. It makes you feel stuffy, jammed, overfilled. A sinus infection can be identified by the thick green discharge which will come from your nose. 

It might seem like they come out of nowhere but we can find the cause by looking at our daily activities and habits. Here are some things which may also cause intense headache:

 

  1. Dehydration: When we don’t drink water for so long our body get dehydrated and the blood become thicker, which leads to impaired circulation of blood to the brain. It is a major cause of intense headache. So we should drink plenty of water everyday though we do not feel thirsty.
  2. Taking Too Much Caffeine: Though small amounts of caffeine release a headache, but too much of in taking coffee and caffeinated can have the reverse effect. It can cause headaches.
  3. Stress: Life is full of stress, which gradually increases headaches. These headaches are not only caused by stress, but also by everything which comes along with it. Like lack of sleep due to the late night work, poor nutrition- mostly depending on the fast food and not eating healthy food which we really should. All these things make our nerves sensitive and create chemical imbalance which may lead to a headache or migraine.
  4. Wearing Wrong Glasses: We have to squint our eyes to see clearly when we are wearing wrong glasses or contact prescription. When we are squinting, we feel a muscle tension around the eyes and forehead, which can lead to a headache because it is putting more stress on our muscles which causes pain.
  5. Distance: Small distance between the screen and the eyes is not comfortable for the muscle around our eyes and forehead. So one must keep a safe distance between the screen and the eyes, though they are not squinting.

The National Headaches Foundation (NHF) has prepared a list of tips to avoid such headaches or migraines.

Few of these are:

  • Take frequent breaks to give your eyes a rest while studying
  • Use a comfortable chair while working. Uncomfortable seating may cause back and neck pain which may lead to tension type headaches
  • Try not to vary your meal and sleeping schedule. Irregular sleeping habits or late night food taking can generate headaches
  • Drink coffee in a controlled amount to avoid headaches
  • Drink alcohol with plenty of water to avoid hangover headaches in the next morning
  • Practice yoga or meditation to avoid anxiety or daily stress

Conclusion 

If you are having chronic headaches, you should consult with a neurologist. Exercise is the best way to fight with the stress. Aerobic exercise for 30 to 40 minutes thrice in a week can ease stress. Meditation is also very helpful for this. It calms your body and helps you to clear your mind. Actually, when we exercise, our body releases endorphins, which release stress and fight intense headache.