Is Hypothyroidism A Hereditary Disease?

The Thyroid gland is a name of an organ just like the heart and other parts of our body. It’s not a name of a disease. Hypothyroidism is a condition where thyroid does not produce sufficient amount of thyroid hormone. The thyroid gland is situated at the front of the neck and controls some body functions like metabolism and cholesterol levels and others. It also produces T3 and T4 hormones.

Factors which do and does not influence the heredity affirmation in thyroid disease:

Iodine deficiency

The thyroid gland needs iodine in order to function and produce the hormones that help to regulate the body. Chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis is another name of hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism is hereditary. Iodine linked thyroid conditions can be prevented, but most thyroid diseases cannot be.

Thyroid disorder

The thyroid disorder is characterized by two factors: one change in function and the other is changed in shape. On the other hand some may have both of these factors while some may marked by one factor also. We can see some extent of abnormality in thyroid gland like sometime it starts producing excessive or sometimes very poor amount of thyroid hormones. In case of hyperthyroidism excessive amount of thyroid hormones produced which increase the metabolism rate. Hypothyroidism is another term of disease where less amount of thyroid hormone produced which decreases the metabolism rate in the body. When the thyroid gland started swelling it is called Goiter.

Fact behind thyroid

Temporary hypothyroidism can also occur in infants. Though it is still unknown the factors behind thyroid but it is not that thyroid ailments are only caused by genetic disorders. If a person has hypothyroidism then the new generation of their family may grow the same diseases. In this case one may have a problem with low supply of thyroid hormones and the other may have an enlarged thyroid gland or a goiter.

Hypothyroidism at Birth   

For pregnant woman who have thyroid disorder can also give birth of a healthy child by controlling her condition and by taking proper medicines prescribed by her doctor. It does not mean this disorder is more likely to be passed on to your baby. But if a pregnant woman having hypothyroidism and is not taking medications she may give birth of a hypothyroid baby for a short period of time just because of the excess thyroid hormone in the mother’s blood which crosses the placenta tends to produce this malady.

Preventing Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism is not contagious. One cannot pass the diseases to someone else like influenza or a cold is passed from one to another. Although some causes and risk factors of hypothyroidism can be congenital, it is not like that you will develop hypothyroidism as you have them in your genes. If you have a family history of thyroid problems you can do exercise, eat right, and should remain stress free to prevent hypothyroidism. People who are at risk of hypothyroidism need regular screening and diagnostic test only this way they can under control the problem quickly.



Thyroid disorder is not scary if you are guided by a specialist or your general physician and follow the instruction given by them. It’s better to receive a regular medical examination and understand the condition of the body than being worried about that whether it may get transferred to your child or may be the disease has passed on to you from your parents. Thyroid diseases may take a while until recovery, but if you regularly visit your doctor then you can lead your life as usual and it’s not going to disturb your any other organs- hopefully.