Most Common STDs for Women and Men
A healthy sexual life is great for your physical, mental and emotional health. However, when planning a night of intimacy with a chosen partner, the last thing you want to think about is STDs. But the truth is that sexually transmitted diseases are a real threat in today’s society where casual sex is being more common.
With that in mind, you must be aware of these 5 most common STDs that affect both men and women.
HPV or Human Papillomavirus
The HPV virus is very common and can be transmitted through oral, vaginal and anal sex. While it is transmitted through vagina and penis contact, it can also be transferred through skin-to-skin contact. There are more than 40 types of HPV and while some cause genital warts and sores, others infect the throat and mouth. Some types can even cause cervical, mouth and penis cancer. Most forms of HPV produce no symptoms and disappear over time, though it’s important to get regular pap smears if you are sexually active with more than one partner
Chlamydia & Gonorrhea
Spread oral, vaginal and anal sex, Chlamydia and Gonorrhea are both very similar, causing an odd genital discharge or burning while urinating. Caused by a bacterial infection, both are easily treated through antibiotics. It’s important to get retested after 3 months to ensure the bacterial infections have been completely cured.
This is a tricky STD that comes in 4 stages. In the initial stage, it produces a sore that can be mistaken for a cut or bump, followed by a rash. During the later stages it produces distinguishable rash in the genital areas and mouth, though the last stage is serious as it can cause nerve and organ damage. The earlier the treatment starts with the right antibiotics, the higher the chances for complete recovery.
Genital herpes can be caused by two different viruses and is characterized by painful blisters around the genital area and anus. Easy to diagnose, herpes can also be transferred from mere skin to skin contact as it’s most contagious when the blisters start to appear. It’s a viral infection that cannot be cured by medication can make it more manageable.
While HIV is also transferred through blood and breast milk, its most commonly passed on through intercourse. The HIV virus can be passed on through any bodily fluid – bloody, mucus, vaginal fluids, breast milk and semen. However, it is not transmitted through saliva. The symptoms differ from person to person with some noticing a diarrhea and weight loss, while others have flu like symptoms. A blood test can help diagnose the disease. There is no cure as of yet, through medicines can help manage the disease to elongate the patient’s life.
Protect your sexual health by practicing safe sex. Always use a condom and get tested for STDs every few months if you engage in sexual activity with more than one partner.