Most Common Old Age Problems
Getting older can be a graceful and relaxing experience, especially for those who have planned their retirement well and take good care of their health and fitness. On the other hand, old age problems it can be a terrifying experience for those who suffer from poor health and are at high-risk to age-related chronic diseases which can result in poor quality of life that is lived in pain and isolation.
Senior citizens must be aware of the most common old age problems affecting the elderly. There are several ways to prevent these diseases, and just as many options to live a long, fulfilling life by proper management of these age-related diseases.
Although there are a number of health issues that typically affect people 55 years and older, there are five that are quite prevalent in this age group. These are:
1: Heart Disease
With age, arteries begin to get blocked, leading up to heart failure and stroke. There are a number of underlying causes for heart failure, including hypertension, high blood pressure and cholesterol, obesity, valve problems, and heart attacks. Elderly people are more likely to suffer from a stroke or heart attack as they may have co-morbid conditions to exacerbate the formation of blood clots. Some symptoms are: numbness of the face, arm and leg, sudden confusion, weakness and dizziness, loss of balance and coordination and vision problems.
Characterized by loss of memory, Alzheimer’s brings about changes in memory and thinking patterns. Its common amongst those diagnosed with dementia. The patient has trouble recognizing family members and friends as the areas of the brain controlling reasoning, language, conscious thought and sensory processing undergoes steady deterioration.
Diabetes has become an epidemic in India, with estimations of over 6.5 million adults suffering from the disease. In senior citizens, diabetes type 2 is very common and must be taken seriously. Left unchecked, diabetes can dramatically increase risk for stroke, heart attack, kidney disorders, eye disorders, neuropathy and more. Diabetes can be managed with a healthy lifestyle, nutritious diet and insulin replacement therapies.
Some people develop osteoporosis as early as age 40, though its more common in those over 55 years of age. Characterized with cartilage wear and tear, osteoporosis can lead to decreased mobility with increased risk for fractures and breaks. Rheumatoid arthritis is also common amongst elderly, causing inflammation and pain of joints along with difficult in moving.
Urinary incontinence is a common old age problems wherein the muscles of the urinary bladder weaken. Not only is it uncomfortable to leak urine while laughing or sneezing, it can hamper quality of life as an older adult finds it embarrassing and hard to live a normal active lifestyle. Kegel exercises are great to strengthen the sphincter muscles, while drug therapies can improve prognosis as well.
There are several other health conditions that affect health senior citizens like Parkinson’s disease, cancers, tremors, dementia and oral diseases. While it may seem daunting, a healthy lifestyle that focuses on exercise and eating a nutritious diet can greatly improve quality of life as you age.