Don’t Let Thyroid Diseases Ruin You.

Thyroid is a butterfly shaped gland that is located at the base of our neck. The two main hormones that are produced by this gland are T3 (Triiodothyronine) and T4 (Thyroxine). These hormones produced by the thyroid gland regulates our body temperature, heart rate and our metabolism. However, the amount of thyroid hormones that are generated by this gland is controlled by another hormone TSH (Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone) which is released from the Pituitary gland, a pea shaped organ located at the base of our brain, just below the Hypothalamus. Thyroid diseases are responsible for either too much or too little production of these thyroid hormones in our body.

Depending on how much (be it in excess or too less) your thyroid is performing, you can feel tired and restless or lose or gain weight accordingly.

It has been noted that women are more at a risk of developing thyroid diseases, rather than men, especially right after their pregnancy and also after their menopause.

How the thyroid disease do affects women?

Thyroid test done across the world on women of all ages, shows that one in eight women develops thyroid problems during their lifetime.

  1. The problems that women faces due to abnormal thyroid secretion are:As thyroid aids in controlling the menstrual cycle in women, too much or even too less production of this hormone can make the periods very heavy, or light or even at times completely irregular. Per say, unnatural thyroid production can be a cause for stopping menstruation in women for several months. This condition is medically termed “Amenorrhea”. It has been also noted that if the body’s immune system has been the cause of thyroid diseases, whereby other glands, like the ovaries can also get involved, it can lead to an early menopause (below the age of 40).
  2. Impaired thyroid production can also create problems during pregnancy, which can lead to health issues both for the mother and the child. It can also cause the women to find it harder to get pregnant, since thyroid controls the ovulation cycle in women.
  3. Thyroid disease like “Hypothyroidism” can also affect women, which is more likely to develop after menopause in women who are affected with thyroid maladies.

In addition to the above mentioned problems, Thyroid Cancer may also develop in male and female who have been exposed to a lot of radiation for other carcinomatous diseases or has Goiter (enlarged thyroid gland). It has been observed that past radiation treatment on chest, neck or head (especially during childhood) can put people at a risk of getting affected with this disease.
According to a recent global study done on this disease, it has been predicted that the number of women affected by Thyroid Cancer is expected to double from 34,000 to 70,000 women by 2020.

How is Hypothyroidism treated?

The most common way for treating Hypothyroidism (less production of thyroid hormones) is by taking man-made forms of this hormone that the thyroid makes, for the rest of the patient’s lifetime.

How is Hyperthyroidism treated?

The treatment for Hyperthyroidism (more production of the thyroid hormone) depends on the symptoms and causes underlying this disease.

The most common remedies for curing Hyperthyroidism are:

  • Medicines: Anti-thyroid drugs are prescribed that stops the thyroid gland from making new thyroid hormones.
  • Radioiodine Treatment: This clinical procedure kills the thyroid cells that secrete the thyroid hormones. But this must be done with a lot of caution, as this can also cause permanent Hypothyroidism.
  • Surgery: This method is used for permanent surgical removal of the thyroid gland. However, this can also cause permanent Hypothyroidism for the patients.

 

So if you are suffering from thyroid disease, get your thyroid treatment done at the earliest, since avoiding thyroid diseases can always affect your day to day normal physical activities.