Your Baby’s Immunization Schedule
Immunization is important for every baby. Vaccines designed to get babies immune to potentially deadly diseases are administered as per a scheduled plan for them to be most effective. Additionally, booster shots are administered so that the child can be fully immune to these diseases. These are a immunization schedule for all new parents and your paediatrician will give you an immunization chart surely.
Vaccines contain a dead or highly weakened form the same disease causing virus. Administered in this form, this virus shot teaches the body to create the right antibodies when exposed to the disease so that the body becomes immune to them.
While vaccines are made in the safest possible way, they can cause a few mild side-effects in small babies. These include mild fever, pain, and swelling at the injection site. These side effects wear off within a few days of the vaccination, but if they persist, call your doctor immediately.
Given below is the Immunization Schedule for babies born in India.
|S. No||Vaccination||Prevents Disease||Age||Gap Between Doses 1 & 2||Gap Between Doses 2 & 3||Gap Between Doses 3 & 4||Gap Between Doses 4 & 5|
|1.||BCG||TB and Bladder Cancer||Birth|
|2.||HepB||Hepatitis B||Birth||4 weeks||8 weeks|
|3.||Poliovirus||Polio||Birth||4 weeks||4 weeks|
|4.||DTP||Diphtheria, Tetanus and Pertussis||6 weeks||4 weeks||4 weeks||Booster 1 after 6 months||Booster 2 after 3 years|
|5.||Hib||Bacterial infections||6 weeks||4 weeks||4 weeks||Booster 1 after 6 months|
|6.||PCV||Pneumonia||6 weeks||4 weeks||4 weeks||Booster 1 after 6 months|
|7.||RV||Severe Diarrheal Disease||6 weeks||4 weeks||4 weeks|
|8.||Typhoid||Typhoid fever||9 months||Booster 1 after 15 months|
|9.||MMR||Measles, Mumps and Rubella||9 months||6 months|
|10.||Varicella||Chickenpox||1 year||3 months|
|11.||HepA||Hepatitis A or Liver disease||1 year||6 months|
|12.||Tdap||Diphtheria, Tetanus and Pertussis||7 years|
|13.||HPV||Cancer and warts||9 years||6 months|
Keep this immunization schedule stuck to the refrigerator and create useful reminders for yourself so that you don’t miss any of the immunization vaccinations on the day they are due. While it’s best to get each shot as per schedule, sometimes unforeseen circumstances can result in missed vaccinations. Your doctor will help you create a new catch-up plan in that case, so your baby is effectively protected against these diseases in a timely fashion.