Treat Common Pregnancy Complications

Most pregnancies go smoothly without any serious complications. Yes, there is the annoying heartburn and sometimes the gritty morning sickness, the swelling in the legs and the backaches that make it difficult to sleep at night, and the fatigue and tiredness. But most of these are not pregnancy complications– just mere inconveniences.

However, there are a few pregnancy complications that all pregnant women must be aware of, as many of these can be assessed and treated when diagnosed timely. These are serious and can be potentially dangerous to both you and your baby if ignored.

Ectopic Pregnancy

This is a type of pregnancy complications that haunts pregnant women in their first trimester. An ectopic pregnancy occurs when the fertilized egg implants in the fallopian tubes instead of the uterus. Sadly, such a pregnancy must be terminated, or the growing embryo could rupture fallopian tubes and cause life-threatening internal bleeding.

Premature Labour and Birth

If you start to have regular contractions before you complete 37 weeks of pregnancy, you are in pre-term labour that will result in premature birth of the baby. Premature babies can be born with severe developmental defects, so it important that your doctor tries his/her best to stop the labour before it is too late. This can also warrant complete bed rest and hospitalization, especially if it is too early for the baby to be born and survive.

Low Amniotic Fluid

If you have oligohydramnios or low amniotic fluid in your 3rd trimester, your gynecologist will keep a close eye on you to ensure the baby is growing normally. Amniotic sacs filled with fluid are crucial to support a healthy, developing baby. When the fluid is too less, your doctor may want to induce labour, especially if the baby has already developed all vital organs and has a high chance of surviving even if born pre-term.

Preeclampsia

This is a serious and fatal condition diagnosed by high blood pressure and increased levels of protein in urine post 20 weeks of pregnancy. Sometimes, expectant women with mild preeclampsia can deliver a healthy baby close to their due date without any risks if they get proper medical care. However, know that women with severe preeclampsia will need to deliver the baby immediately as it may cause life-threatening damage to many organs. 

Placenta Previa

Sometimes, the placenta lies unusually low and covers the cervix, and this is not threatening during the first and early second trimester.  If the placenta continues to remain in the position as the pregnancy progresses, it can cause bleeding and other complications. Should your doctor diagnose placenta previa during your pre-natal ultrasound exams, you will be advised to have a caesarean delivery.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is common in India and is not to be taken lightly. Most women are screened at 24-28 weeks to check their blood glucose levels, as gestational diabetes increases the expectant mothers risk to Type 2 diabetes later in life. If you are diagnosed with gestational diabetes, the doctor will want to keep your diet and exercise under strict control as high blood glucose levels may have serious health repercussions for the baby. 

Placenta Abruption

Placenta Abruption is a serious pregnancy complications wherein the placenta separates from the wall of the uterus before the baby is born. It can result in excessive blood loss and premature birth. This can be caused by an injury to the uterus, high blood pressure and infections in the uterus. If the abruption is mild, the doctor may want to monitor your baby and you overnight and then advise bed rest. In case the abruption is more serious and you are far from your due date, your doctor will advise you to stay in the hospital while he/she gives you medicines to stop labour and watches the baby’s health closely. A caesarean delivery is performed in case the abruption is too severe and it’s too late to stop labour.