3 reasons why antibiotics should not be overused

Antibiotics, which are so far being considered as the keystone of medicine have recently been side-lined suspecting its potential threats on our health. According to National Centre of Disease Control, India and prominent health professionals, these life-giving drugs are responsible for causing a multitude of various other diseases, significant of which is antibiotic associated diarrhoea. The experts are however making relentless efforts to slow down the potential risks associated with antibiotics, National Centre of Disease Control (NCDC) have already identified several life threatening consequences of antibiotic use. In some cases, doctors have identified how memory loss symptoms in patients.

3 reasons why antibiotics should not be overused

  1. Antibiotics Act Upon Sensitive Gut Flora

Your digestive system consists trillions of gut flora, among which only some are infectious. The percentage of sensitive gut flora inside the system is much higher than the infectious ones. But, over use of antibiotics kill them, thus causing serious threat to your digestive system. The whack of antibiotic use, act upon your immunity, thus making you more susceptible to a wide range of other infections. Clostridium difficile or C. diff is one such infection that is more likely to plague those who are on antibiotics for several days. According to oncologists, Children are more susceptible to C.diff infection.

  1. Antibiotics Increase the Incidence of Gonnorrhea

According to NCDC, the excessive use of antibiotic to disrupt the infection causing bacteria and virus, further triggers the  incidence of antibiotic-resistant gonorrhoea.  Such kind of gonorrhoea  is usually untreatable, though the symptoms can be controlled. But, it might get worse, in case theassociated symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease, tubal infertility, ectopic pregnancy and neonatal eye infections continue to grow along with the existing condition of gonorrhoea.

Recently, scientists have also identified the growth of specific strain, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, which is resistant to the antibiotics. As of now, cephalosporin antibiotics are the only class that meets the NCDC standards to fight against such gonorrhoea, though the experts here are still apprehensive about its long term efficiency. In effect, long term use of these drugs may result in antibiotic resistant infections in patients.

  1. Antibiotics Trigger Fatal Diarrhoea in Kids

Antibiotic associated diarrhoea is one of the major reasons behind deaths in India. Most of the antibiotics, which are essentially prescribed for respiratory infections are found to cause fatal diarrhoea in kids.  A new report published by NCDC clearly indicates that kids who are on antibiotics for an extended period of time due to common cold or flu like symptoms are more susceptible to develop aggressive antibiotic resistant strains of C.diff. Most of the time, people get this infection during their hospital stay and the condition is represented by lose stool with fresh blood.  Antibiotic resistant diarrhoea can also cause death if not controlled in time.

The Final Note on how you could work on antibiotic resistant infections

The standard treatment strategy with a combination of antibiotics is apparently making no positive impact. Instead of keeping the bacterial cell multiplication at bay, antibiotics speed up their aggressive resistance against this kind of drugs. To deal with it, the pharmaceutical companies and medical practitioners are however working on to improve the resistance power of the antibiotics, but a group of experts are still looking for the alternative ways to replace antibiotic use.